ONet Resources for the Web Developer
The WOW organization working with business and industry, various Departments of Education and Labor has worked diligently for the last decade to establish guidelines for the Web Developer. That that end, the following resources have been pulled from the ONet Website.
Summary Report for:
15-1099.04 – Web Developers
Develop and design web applications and web sites. Create and specify architectural and technical parameters. Direct web site content creation, enhancement and maintenance.
Sample of reported job titles: Webmaster, Web Designer, Web Developer
- Design, build, or maintain web sites, using authoring or scripting languages, content creation tools, management tools, and digital media.
- Perform or direct web site updates.
- Write, design, or edit web page content, or direct others producing content.
- Confer with management or development teams to prioritize needs, resolve conflicts, develop content criteria, or choose solutions.
- Back up files from web sites to local directories for instant recovery in case of problems.
- Identify problems uncovered by testing or customer feedback, and correct problems or refer problems to appropriate personnel for correction.
- Evaluate code to ensure that it is valid, is properly structured, meets industry standards and is compatible with browsers, devices, or operating systems.
- Maintain understanding of current web technologies or programming practices through continuing education, reading, or participation in professional conferences, workshops, or groups.
- Analyze user needs to determine technical requirements.
- Develop or validate test routines and schedules to ensure that test cases mimic external interfaces and address all browser and device types.
Tools & Technology
Tools used in this occupation:
|Computer servers — Application servers; Web servers|
|High capacity removable media drives — Universal serial bus USB flash drives|
|Notebook computers — Laptop computers|
Technology used in this occupation:
|Data base management system software — Microsoft SQL Server; MySQL software; Oracle software|
|Development environment software — Android; C; Microsoft Visual Basic; Subversion *|
|Graphics or photo imaging software — Adobe Systems Adobe After Effects; Adobe Systems Adobe Illustrator; Adobe Systems Adobe Photoshop software|
|Object or component oriented development software — Apple Cocoa; C++; Microsoft ActiveX; Sun Microsystems Java|
* Software developed by a government agency and/or distributed as freeware or shareware.
|Computers and Electronics — Knowledge of circuit boards, processors, chips, electronic equipment, and computer hardware and software, including applications and programming.|
|English Language — Knowledge of the structure and content of the English language including the meaning and spelling of words, rules of composition, and grammar.|
|Customer and Personal Service — Knowledge of principles and processes for providing customer and personal services. This includes customer needs assessment, meeting quality standards for services, and evaluation of customer satisfaction.|
|Design — Knowledge of design techniques, tools, and principles involved in production of precision technical plans, blueprints, drawings, and models.|
|Communications and Media — Knowledge of media production, communication, and dissemination techniques and methods. This includes alternative ways to inform and entertain via written, oral, and visual media.|
|Mathematics — Knowledge of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, calculus, statistics, and their applications.|
|Troubleshooting — Determining causes of operating errors and deciding what to do about it.|
|Programming — Writing computer programs for various purposes.|
|Active Listening — Giving full attention to what other people are saying, taking time to understand the points being made, asking questions as appropriate, and not interrupting at inappropriate times.|
|Reading Comprehension — Understanding written sentences and paragraphs in work related documents.|
|Critical Thinking — Using logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.|
|Time Management — Managing one’s own time and the time of others.|
|Active Learning — Understanding the implications of new information for both current and future problem-solving and decision-making.|
|Complex Problem Solving — Identifying complex problems and reviewing related information to develop and evaluate options and implement solutions.|
|Technology Design — Generating or adapting equipment and technology to serve user needs.|
|Operations Analysis — Analyzing needs and product requirements to create a design.|
|Deductive Reasoning — The ability to apply general rules to specific problems to produce answers that make sense.|
|Problem Sensitivity — The ability to tell when something is wrong or is likely to go wrong. It does not involve solving the problem, only recognizing there is a problem.|
|Category Flexibility — The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.|
|Information Ordering — The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).|
|Near Vision — The ability to see details at close range (within a few feet of the observer).|
|Oral Comprehension — The ability to listen to and understand information and ideas presented through spoken words and sentences.|
|Speech Recognition — The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.|
|Written Comprehension — The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in writing.|
|Inductive Reasoning — The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions (includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events).|
|Selective Attention — The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.|
|Interacting With Computers — Using computers and computer systems (including hardware and software) to program, write software, set up functions, enter data, or process information.|
|Getting Information — Observing, receiving, and otherwise obtaining information from all relevant sources.|
|Updating and Using Relevant Knowledge — Keeping up-to-date technically and applying new knowledge to your job.|
|Thinking Creatively — Developing, designing, or creating new applications, ideas, relationships, systems, or products, including artistic contributions.|
|Processing Information — Compiling, coding, categorizing, calculating, tabulating, auditing, or verifying information or data.|
|Making Decisions and Solving Problems — Analyzing information and evaluating results to choose the best solution and solve problems.|
|Communicating with Supervisors, Peers, or Subordinates — Providing information to supervisors, co-workers, and subordinates by telephone, in written form, e-mail, or in person.|
|Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events — Identifying information by categorizing, estimating, recognizing differences or similarities, and detecting changes in circumstances or events.|
|Organizing, Planning, and Prioritizing Work — Developing specific goals and plans to prioritize, organize, and accomplish your work.|
|Analyzing Data or Information — Identifying the underlying principles, reasons, or facts of information by breaking down information or data into separate parts.|
|Indoors, Environmentally Controlled — How often does this job require working indoors in environmentally controlled conditions?|
|Electronic Mail — How often do you use electronic mail in this job?|
|Spend Time Sitting — How much does this job require sitting?|
|Telephone — How often do you have telephone conversations in this job?|
|Importance of Being Exact or Accurate — How important is being very exact or highly accurate in performing this job?|
|Spend Time Making Repetitive Motions — How much does this job require making repetitive motions?|
|Importance of Repeating Same Tasks — How important is repeating the same physical activities (e.g., key entry) or mental activities (e.g., checking entries in a ledger) over and over, without stopping, to performing this job?|
|Face-to-Face Discussions — How often do you have to have face-to-face discussions with individuals or teams in this job?|
|Freedom to Make Decisions — How much decision making freedom, without supervision, does the job offer?|
|Structured versus Unstructured Work — To what extent is this job structured for the worker, rather than allowing the worker to determine tasks, priorities, and goals?|
|Title||Job Zone Three: Medium Preparation Needed|
|Education||Most occupations in this zone require training in vocational schools, related on-the-job experience, or an associate’s degree.|
|Related Experience||Previous work-related skill, knowledge, or experience is required for these occupations. For example, an electrician must have completed three or four years of apprenticeship or several years of vocational training, and often must have passed a licensing exam, in order to perform the job.|
|Job Training||Employees in these occupations usually need one or two years of training involving both on-the-job experience and informal training with experienced workers. A recognized apprenticeship program may be associated with these occupations.|
|Job Zone Examples||These occupations usually involve using communication and organizational skills to coordinate, supervise, manage, or train others to accomplish goals. Examples include food service managers, electricians, agricultural technicians, legal secretaries, interviewers, and insurance sales agents.|
|SVP Range||(6.0 to < 7.0)|
Interest code: CIR
|Conventional — Conventional occupations frequently involve following set procedures and routines. These occupations can include working with data and details more than with ideas. Usually there is a clear line of authority to follow.|
|Investigative — Investigative occupations frequently involve working with ideas, and require an extensive amount of thinking. These occupations can involve searching for facts and figuring out problems mentally.|
|Realistic — Realistic occupations frequently involve work activities that include practical, hands-on problems and solutions. They often deal with plants, animals, and real-world materials like wood, tools, and machinery. Many of the occupations require working outside, and do not involve a lot of paperwork or working closely with others.|
|Artistic — Artistic occupations frequently involve working with forms, designs and patterns. They often require self-expression and the work can be done without following a clear set of rules.|
|Attention to Detail — Job requires being careful about detail and thorough in completing work tasks.|
|Analytical Thinking — Job requires analyzing information and using logic to address work-related issues and problems.|
|Dependability — Job requires being reliable, responsible, and dependable, and fulfilling obligations.|
|Integrity — Job requires being honest and ethical.|
|Initiative — Job requires a willingness to take on responsibilities and challenges.|
|Adaptability/Flexibility — Job requires being open to change (positive or negative) and to considerable variety in the workplace.|
|Cooperation — Job requires being pleasant with others on the job and displaying a good-natured, cooperative attitude.|
|Achievement/Effort — Job requires establishing and maintaining personally challenging achievement goals and exerting effort toward mastering tasks.|
|Stress Tolerance — Job requires accepting criticism and dealing calmly and effectively with high stress situations.|
|Innovation — Job requires creativity and alternative thinking to develop new ideas for and answers to work-related problems.|
|Independence — Occupations that satisfy this work value allow employs to work on their own and make decisions. Corresponding needs are Creativity, Responsibility and Autonomy.|
|Working Conditions — Occupations that satisfy this work value offer job security and good working conditions. Corresponding needs are Activity, Compensation, Independence, Security, Variety and Working Conditions.|
|Achievement — Occupations that satisfy this work value are results oriented and allow employees to use their strongest abilities, giving them a feeling of accomplishment. Corresponding needs are Ability Utilization and Achievement.|
Wages & Employment Trends
Median wages data collected from Computer Specialists, All Other.
Employment data collected from Computer Specialists, All Other.
|Median wages (2008)||$36.13 hourly, $75,150 annual|
|Employment (2008)||209,000 employees|
|Projected growth (2008-2018)||Average (7% to 13%)|
|Projected need (2008-2018)||72,600 additional employees|
State & National
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics 2008 wage data and 2008-2018 employment projections . “Projected growth” represents the estimated change in total employment over the projections period (2008-2018). “Projected need” represents job openings due to growth and net replacement.
Sources of Additional Information
Disclaimer: Sources are listed to provide additional information on related jobs, specialties, and/or industries. Links to non-DOL Internet sites are provided for your convenience and do not constitute an endorsement.
- Computer network, systems, and database administrators . Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2010-11 Edition.
- World Organization of Webmasters , P.O. Box 1743, Folsom, CA 95630. Phone: (916) 989-2933. Fax: (916) 987-3022.
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